For a crash course in understanding the issues in business ethics, consider the following:
Aquinas, Thomas St. â€œSumma Theologica,â€ Questions 55, 58, 61-63, from THE MORAL TEACHING OF ST. THOMAS (Burns & Oates:1896), pp. 155, 167-74,197-187.
Aristotle, â€œMoral Virtue,â€ in THE NICOMACHEAN ETHICS OF ARISTOTLE (Oxford University Press:1959), as translated by W.D. Ross, originally written circa 340 B.C., pp. 28-29.
Aristotle, â€œNicomachean Ethics, Book 1,â€ in ARISTOTLEâ€™S ETHICS (Oxford University Press: 1973), originally written circa 384 B.C., pp. 41-60.
Baucus, Melissa S. and David A. Baucus, â€œPaying the Piper: An Empirical Examination of Longer-Term Financial Consequences of Illegal Corporate Behavior,â€ 40 Academy of Mgt. J. 129 (1997).
Bok, Sissela, LYING: MORAL CHOICE IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LIFE (Random House:1978).
Carr, Albert Z., â€œIs Business Bluffing Ethical?â€ 46 Harvard Business Review(1968).
Confucius, ANALECTS (Oxford University Press:1993), originally written in the 6th to 5th century B.C., pp. 58 and 62.
Drucker, Peter, â€œThe Ethics of Responsibility,â€ from MANAGEMENT: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices (Harper Row:1973)
Freeman, R.E. and D. L. Reed 1983. Stockholders and Stakeholders: a New Perspective on Corporate Governance. California Management Review (25): 88
Rock, I. 1990. The Legacy of Solomon Asch. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, p. 3
Franklin, Benjamin, THE ART OF VIRTUE (Acorn:1996).
Friedman, Milton, â€œThe Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits,â€ New York Times Sunday Magazine, September 13, 1970.
Hammurabi (The Code), ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN TEXTS RELATING TO THE OLD TESTAMENT, ed. by James Pritchard (Princeton University Press:1969), written in 1792-1750 B.C., p. 175.
Hatano, Daryl, â€œShould Corporations Exercise Their Freedom of Speech Rights?â€ 22 American Business Law Journal 165 (1984).
Hayek, F.A., THE ROAD TO SERFDOM (50th anniversary edition 1994)) (University of Chicago Press:1972).
Hobbes, Thomas, LEVIATHAN (Dent:1914), first published in 1651, pp. 289-297.
Jennings, Marianne M., â€œThe Tony Bennett Factor,â€ Wall Street Journal, June 26, 1995, A12.
Jennings, Marianne M., â€œTrendy Causes No Substitute for Virtue in Business,â€ Wall Street Journal, Dec. 1, 1997, A22.
Jennings, Marianne M., â€œConfessions of a Business Ethicist,â€ Wall Street Journal, September 25, 1995, A14.
Jennings, Marianne M., BUSINESS ETHICS: CASE STUDIES AND SELECTED READINGS, 7th ed. (Cengage:2011).
Jennings, Marianne M., SEVEN SIGNS OF ETHICAL COLLAPSE, 353 pp. St. Martinâ€™s Press (2006).
Jennings, Marianne M., A BUSINESS TALE: A STUDY OF ETHICS, CHOICES, SUCCESS â€“ AND A VERY LARGE RABBIT, 127 pp., Amacom Books (2003).
Jennings, Marianne M., BUILDING A BUSINESS THROUGH GOOD TIMES AND BAD: LESSONS FROM 15 COMPANIES, EACH WITH A CENTURY OF DIVIDENDS, 259 pp. Greenwood Press, with Louis Grossman (2002).
Jennings, M. 2003. Restoring Ethical Gumption in the Corporation: A Federalist Paper on Corporation Governance: Restoration of Active Virtue in the Corporate Structure to Curb the â€œYeehaw Cultureâ€ in Organizations, forthcoming in Wyoming Law Review.
Jennings (2), M.M. 2001. Are Business Schools Antibusiness. Across the Board (38):29.
Jesus, â€œThe Sermon on the Mount,â€ MATTHEW 5:1-20
Kant, Immanuel, â€œThe Categorical Imperative,â€ from â€œThe Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals,â€ in THE PHILOSOPHY OF IMMANUEL KANT, as translated by L.W. Beck (University of Chicago Press:1949) first published in 1785, pp. 55-63, 180-186.
Locke, John, Second Treatise on Civil Government, in SOCIAL CONTRACT (Oxford University Press:1960), originally published in 1690, pp. 7-9, 14-15, 23-26.
McCoy, Bowen (â€œBuzzâ€), â€œThe Parable of the Sadhu,â€ 61 Harvard Business Review (1983).
Mill, John Stuart, THE ETHICS OF JOHN STUART MILL (Blackwood & Sons: 1897), pp. 89-127.
Morris, Tom, IF ARISTOTLE RAN GENERAL MOTORS: THE NEW SOUL OF A BUSINESS (Henry Holt:1997).
Nash, Laura, â€œEthics Without the Sermon,â€ 59 Harvard Business Review (1981).
Nietzsche, Frederick on herd mentality in BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL (Henry Regnery:1955), pp. 110-111, originally published in 1886.
Novak, Michael, BUSINESS AS A CALLING (Free Press: 1994).
Novak, Michael, THE FIRE OF INVENTION: CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE FUTURE OF THE CORPORATION (Rowman & Littlefield: 1996).
Plato, â€œMorality as Good In Itself,â€ THE REPUBLIC (Macmillan:1892), pp. 18-25.
Plato, Gorgias, (Penguin:1960), , originally written circa 427 B.C., pp. 77-79, 84-105.
Rand, Ayn, THE VIRTUE OF SELFISHNESS (Signet:1961).
Rand, Ayn, CAPITALISM: THE UNKNOWN IDEAL (Signet: 1967).
Rawls, John, A THEORY OF JUSTICE (Harvard University Press:1972), pp. 26-27.
Smith, Adam, AN INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE AND CAUSES OF THE WEALTH OF NATIONS (Dent:1776) (1910 republication).
Smith, Adam, THE THEORY OF MORAL SENTIMENTS (Wells & Lilly: 1817)
Stark, Andrew, â€œWhatâ€™s the Matter With Business Ethics?â€ 71 Harvard Business Review(1993).
Stearns, J.M. and S. Borna. 1998. A Comparison of the Ethics of Convicted Felons and Graduate Business Students: Implications for Business Practice and Business Ethics Education. Teaching Business Ethics 2(1):175-195.
Torah, THE BABYLONIAN TALMUD: SHABBATH (The Soncino Press:1938), translated by M. Freedman, written circa 30 A.D., p. 140.
CASES (Harvard Business School)
Marriott International and Marriott Host: The Debt Spin-Off
Pepsi in India
Otis Elevator in Vietnam
Ford Motor Company Earnings
Al Dunlap at Sunbeam
FINOVA Capital Corporation
Dell Corporation: pre- and post-contract and earnings restatements
Enron: pre-collapse and post-collapse
Goldman Sachs: pre-2008 and post-2008
Baptist Foundation of Arizona
New Era Philanthropy
WorldCom: pre- and post-collapse