Richard III and Lessons on Truth

Shakespeare viewed Richard III as a “poisonous hunchback’s toad.” A disfigured sociopath. However, in 2012, researchers uncovered a skeleton in an unmarked grave under a parking lot. The mitochondrial DNA was matched with the DNA of Richard’s maternal relatives.

What the researchers then learned from the skeleton revealed a king who had scoliosis, but not to a degree that a “bespoke suit of medieval armor” couldn’t straighten around. The foam hunchback worn by so many actors in playing Shakespeare’s view was probably overdone. The rumors of Richard’s deformity were probably the result of the Tudors seeking to place Henry VII on the throne. Power grabs then and power grabs now do spawn their share of untruths.

The skeleton, as described in Brian Switek’s book, Skeleton Keys did, however, show the brutal fashion in which Richard was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field. A group of well armed Welshmen, who surrounded a marooned Richard stuck in the mud on his horse, used all manner of daggers, halberds, and swords in all the thinkable and unthinkable places in Richard’s body. Mr. Switek summed up Richard’s death as follows, “We are a cruel species, and the marks of our depravity are etched into Richard’s bones.” However, there was a long list of Richard’s victims whose skeletons reveal equal cruelty.

It make have taken 529 years, but DNA hatched the truth about Richard’s deformity. We also see both sides now. Richard was a sociopath, but the other side had its share of brutal murderers. By these behavioral standards, today’s British royalty fussing over Meghan Markle’s views, arguments, staff issues, and demands seem charming.

About mmjdiary

Professor Marianne Jennings is an emeritus professor of legal and ethical studies from the W.P. Carey School of Business at Arizona State University, retiring in 2011 after 35 years of teaching undergraduate and graduate courses in ethics and the legal environment of business. During her tenure at ASU, she served as director of the Joan and David Lincoln Center for Applied Ethics from 1995-1999. In 2006, she was appointed faculty director for the W.P. Carey Executive MBA Program. She has done consulting work for businesses and professional groups including AICPA, Boeing, Dial Corporation, Edward Jones, Mattel, Motorola, CFA Institute, Southern California Edison, the Institute of Internal Auditors, AIMR, DuPont, AES, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Motorola, Hy-Vee Foods, IBM, Bell Helicopter, Amgen, Raytheon, and VIAD. The sixth edition of her textbook, Case Studies in Business Ethics, was published in February 2011. The ninth edition of her textbook, Business: lts Legal, Ethical and Global Environment was published in January 2011. The 23rd edition of her book, Business Law: Principles and Cases, will be published in January 2013. The tenth edition of her book, Real Estate Law, will also be published in January 2013. Her book, A Business Tale: A Story of Ethics, Choices, Success, and a Very Large Rabbit, a fable about business ethics, was chosen by Library Journal in 2004 as its business book of the year. A Business Tale was also a finalist for two other literary awards for 2004. In 2000 her book on corporate governance was published by the New York Times MBA Pocket Series. Her book on long-term success, Building a Business Through Good Times and Bad: Lessons from Fifteen Companies, Each With a Century of Dividends, was published in October 2002 and has been used by Booz, Allen, Hamilton for its work on business longevity. Her latest book, The Seven Signs of Ethical Collapse was published by St. Martin’s Press in July 2006 and has been a finalist for two book awards. Her weekly columns are syndicated around the country, and her work has appeared in the Wall Street Journal, the Chicago Tribune, the New York Times, Washington Post, and the Reader's Digest. A collection of her essays, Nobody Fixes Real Carrot Sticks Anymore, first published in 1994 is still being published. She has been a commentator on business issues on All Things Considered for National Public Radio. She has served on four boards of directors, including Arizona Public Service (1987-2000), Zealous Capital Corporation, and the Center for Children with Chronic Illness and Disability at the University of Minnesota. She was appointed to the board of advisors for the Institute of Nuclear Power Operators in 2004 and served on the board of trustees for Think Arizona, a public policy think tank. She has appeared on CNBC, CBS This Morning, the Today Show, and CBS Evening News. In 2010 she was named one of the Top 100 Thought Leaders in Business Ethics by Trust Across America. Her books have been translated into four different languages. She received the British Emerald award for authoring one of their top 50 articles in management publications, chosen from over 15,000 articles. Personal: Married since 1976 to Terry H. Jennings, Maricopa County Attorney’s Office Deputy County Attorney; five children: Sarah, Sam, and John, and the late Claire and Hannah Jennings.
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